Taliesin was the summer home of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright near Spring Green, Wisconsin. Construction on the building began in 1911 after he and his first wife, Catherine Tobin, separated. He had left his Oak Park, Illinois, home and studio in 1909 when his affair with Mamah Borthwick Cheney became known. Cheney and her husband Edwin had been Wright's architecture clients. His winter home, Taliesin West, is located in Scottsdale, Arizona.
When Wright decided to build a new home, he named it after the Welsh bard Taliesin. Taliesin had three wings that included living quarters, office and outbuildings for farming and animal husbandry. Wright used Taliesin as a way to explore his ideas of organic architecture. The chimneys and stone piers were built from local limestone, laid by the stonemasons in a way that evoked the outcroppings of Wisconsin's surrounding Driftless Area and sand from the nearby Wisconsin River mixed into the stucco walls.